Pitting edema swelling is visually notable. Its called pitting when you press your fingers, and an indentation or pit is left in the skin. This indentation that stays even after you let go, is what makes the pitting different from non-pitting type of edema. Socks and shoes will likewise leave an impression.
Inside our bodies are two oceans of water. One is inside the cells. One is outside the cells. There is a limited amount of water outside the cells. When fluid accumulates to excess and is not removed by normal processes, the swelling occurs. When you push down on the skin and the indentation persists, you are seeing the fluids being shifted away from the area where the pressure is being applied. In time, the skin will return to the normal swollen state.
This area under the skin is called the interstitium and the fluid is called interstitial fluid.
The fluids normally balance. Sometimes there is too much fluid put into the space and sometimes it is because the ability to leave is impaired.
Pitting edema is not painful. When pressing in and seeing the indentation for the first time, it can be upsetting. However, there is no feeling or sensation.
What you will not note is that you may be carrying around about 10 additional pounds of body weight. Imagine carrying a bowling ball with you where ever you go. This is about how much weight in water that can accumulate on the legs and it can be even 15 or 20 lbs total.
Although there are numerous causes listed in medical books, at water cures, we have found that it is a sign and symptom of dehydration.
Many will scoff at this definition. But consider this, our bodies do not do things for no good reason. There is always a reason for what it does. Edema may simply be the result of the bodies response to conditions going on that signal an impending lack of water.
The simple way to test this theory, use the best natural diuretic, water. Drinking more water without the salt will allow you to loose the excess water. No pills, no drugs, no risk that are associated with the the drugs and the complications they bring.
The measurement of edema involves both the depth and how long it remains indented.
+1 A hardly noticeable indentation.
+2 Slight indentation taking 15 seconds to rebound
+3 1/4 inch or 6mm deep and 30 seconds to rebound
+4 very deep indentation and 30 seconds or more to rebound.
These are measurements used by doctors and nurses.
Edema can be reversed for many using the water cures protocol. It is a rather remarkable thing. When done properly, you will begin eliminate the excess water. Once gone, if you maintain proper hydration, the edema should not come back.
Give your body what it needs and it will heal its self, and often times, spontaneously.